Neuropsychology is the science which studies how our behaviour is related to our brain. This discipline implies the evaluation of cognitive functioning, behaviour and social-emotional functioning. The clinician directly works with the individual, in a different way depending on the age of the patient. It is necessary to ask lots of questions in order to solve different types of problems.
The neuropsychological evaluation usually includes tests which measure:
- Intelligence (IQ)
- Organization and planning
- Attention and memory
- Information processing speed
- Academic abilities
- Visual perception
- Hands movement control
- Depression and anxiety
- Aggression and impulsive behaviour
- Social abilities
El neuropsicólogo también revisará los registros médicos, escolares, etc. para ayudar a entender los resultados de las pruebas relacionadas con la vida diaria.
The neuropsychologist also examines medical, academic and familiar histories in order to have a better understanding of the test results related to daily life activities.
What are the differences between neuropsychological evaluation and other types of evaluations?
Although it is possible to use some of the tests also used for other types of evaluations, the neuropsychological approach is focused on the understanding of the reasons why a child or an adult are having problems at school, at home, at work etc. This is done by also evaluating other cognitive abilities besides the problematic one. The explanation of strengths and weaknesses will help to better focus on planning the treatment and solving difficulties in different contexts. Neuropsychologists have been trained clinically, thus are able to also make diagnosis of emotional disorders, such as anxiety or depression.
A series of activities is then carried out to increase the stimulation and treat the areas of people at risk of abnormal development, deterioration or disorders, such as:
The most common disorders are:
- Learning disabilities
- General neurodevelopmental disorder
- Attention deficit and hyperactivity
- Delay in language development
- Head trauma
- Neurodegenerative disorders
- Cerebral paralysis
What are the psychological expert reports?
The psychological expert report is a written document in which we explain our considerations and conclusions based on the findings from the evaluation. It consists of a process in which we do the psychological evaluation of the two parts in order to take a judicial decision. In the majority of cases, we will have to rectify it verbally in the presence of a judicial authority and submit to the clarification from both parts. The emitted report will represent a means of proof and will be evaluated by the judge in order to pass sentence. The goal of this psychological report is to facilitate the judge in understanding complex situations related to psychological aspects.
We do psychological evaluations in the following áreas:
In the field of Civil rights:
Family rights: Suitability for the safekeeping of minors, rules of visitation and assessment of changes in these measures.
Determination of suitability of custody.
Minors: credibility of testimony, psychological state, assessment of parental alienation syndrome and maltreatment evaluation.
In the field of Penal rights:
Guilt of the witness in the cases of child sexual abuse
Persistence of mental disorders: exempt and attenuating circumstances. Criminal responsibility.
Evaluation of moral damage and consequences for the victim.