What is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is a disorder which affects more than 6% of children in Spain and generally more males than females. It is a neurobiological disorder generated during infancy which createss a pattern of attention deficit, hyperactivity or impulsivity, which often are associated with other disorders.
For the diagnosis of ADHD it is necessary to evaluate the presentation of the disorder:
- Onset before the age of 12
- Intensity and frequency bigger than normal for the age and the stage of development
- Significant interference with performance in two or more fields of his life: academic, familiar or social.
- Not caused by other medical conditions, drugs or other psychiatric disorders.
In order to diagnose ADHD the child has to be over 6 years old; moreover is frequent to acknowledge the presence of the disorder once the child starts going to school, coinciding with difficulties in academic performance and presence of dysfunctions in social relationships.
How do we treat ADHD?
With a cerebral training by means of Neurofeedback the child can change the pattern of electrical activity in his brain. The characteristic pattern of electrical activity showed by the majority of children with ADHD is a reduced activity in frontal and central areas of the brain. To be more specific, children with ADHD show an elevated proportion of theta waves and a reduced proportion of alpha and beta waves in these areas. This is translated into an increase of activity and excitement and a reduction of concentration, calm and relaxation which result in a loss of attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity.
Through the neurofeedback training is possible to change patterns of cerebral activity. The child will be trained to control these functions, which normally are unconscious, such as concentration, planning, goal reaching by meansn of reinforcement and autocontrol. Neurofeedback is an effective technique used as an alternative to classic medication.
Benefits of treatment with neurofeedback and EMDR for children with TDAH:
- Increase in learning abilities
- Better memory
- Increase in concentration ability
- Selective attention
- Reduction of impulsivity
- Better planning skills